21st century skills needed by students in technical and vocational education and training (TVET)

Edward M. Reeve
Technology and Engineering Education
Utah State University
Logan, Utah USA

Reference to this paper should be made as follows:
Reeve, E. M. (2016). 21st century skills needed by students in technical and vocational education and training (TVET). Asian International Journal of Social Sciences, 16(4), 54 – 61. https://doi.org/10.29139/aijss.20160404


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Those involved in Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) must properly prepare their students to live and work in the 21st Century. This preparation includes providing students with a solid knowledge and skills in the discipline being studied and developing instruction based on contemporary educational thinking and practices. It also means providing them with important skills needed in 21st Century. The purpose of this paper is to introduce the reader to important and “key” 21st Century Skills that the author believes are needed by students enrolled in TVET programs and to provide suggestions on how to build these skills into TVET programs. In this paper, the following “key” 21st Century Skills were reviewed: Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics (STEM); Problem-Solving; and the Four 4Cs: Critical Thinking, Communication, Collaboration, & Creativity.

Keywords: 21st Century Skills, Problem-Solving, and the 4Cs: Communication, Collaboration, Critical Thinking & Creativity, Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics (STEM), Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET)


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