Thai secondary school student’s disciplined minds, life skills, self-concepts, and teacher classroom management influence: A confirmatory factor analysis
Associate Professor, Department of Industrial Education
Faculty of Industrial Education
King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang (KMITL)
1 Chalong Krung, Thanon Chalong Krung, Lat Krabang
Bangkok 10520, Thailand
Faculty of Education,
Prince of Songkla University,
Reference to this paper should be made as follows:
Sukkamart, A., & Sukkamart, T. (2016). Thai secondary school student’s disciplined minds, life skills, self-concepts, and teacher classroom management influence: A confirmatory factor analysis. Asian International Journal of Social Sciences, 16(4), 4 –26. https://doi.org/10.29139/aijss.20160401
All works licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
These articles have been peer-reviewed and accepted for publication in AIJSS.
The study and understanding of a student’s disciplined mind, life-skills, self-concept and teacher classroom management are crucial is helping with the assessment of student development and education quality. As such, 932 Thai students from 119 Bangkok secondary schools were surveyed by use of multi-stage random sampling. The observed variables included learning ability, self-discipline, social skills, thinking skills, stress coping skills, self-awareness, emotional adjustment, interpersonal relationships, student centered learning management, the learning environment creation, and authentic learning assessment. A five-level Likert scale questionnaire was constructed by the researchers for the student respondents. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used for analysis. The quantitative research confirmed the elements of the variables with the results showing that all the observed variables studied are in harmony with the empirical data and have statistical significance. A disciplined mind has the ability to learn and is crucial for on-line learning success as well as professional expertise. Life skills are comprised of social skills, thinking skills, and coping with stress. Self-concept was determined to be influenced by self-awareness, emotional adjustment, and interpersonal relationships. Teacher classroom management is an element of learning that focuses on the learners, creating a learning environment, and authentic learning evaluation. This research confirmed the composition of the latent variables with the results indicating the importance in the development of a causal model of a disciplined mind student as defined by Bangkok’s Secondary Education Service Area Office for the next stage of the research project.
Keywords: confirmatory factor analysis, interpersonal relationships, self-awareness, self-discipline
Barone, C., Aguirre-Deandreis, A. I., & Trickett, E. J. (1991). Means—ends problem-solving skills, life stress, and social support as mediators of adjustment in the normative transition to high school. American Journal of Community Psychology, 19(2). http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00937928
Baumeister, R. F. (1998). The self. In D. Gilbert, S. Fiske, & G. Lindzey (Eds.), The handbook of social psychology (pp. 680–740). New York, USA: Random House.
Baxter, S., & Gray, C. (2001). The application of student-centred learning approaches to clinical education. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders / Royal College of Speech & Language Therapists, 36(Supplement), 396 – 400. http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/13682820109177918
Bloom, B. S., Engelhart, M. D., Furst, E. J., Hill, W. H., & Krathwohl, D. R. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives: The classification of educational goals. Handbook I: Cognitive domain. New York, USA: David McKay Company.
Chase, C. C., & Geldenhuys, K. M. (2001). Student-centred teaching in a large heterogeneous class. Medical Education, 35 (11), 1071.
Coopersmith, S. (1967). The antecedents of self-esteem. San Francisco, USA: Freeman.
Delors, J. (1996). Learning: The Treasure Within. Report to UNESCO of the International Commission on Education for the Twenty-first Century. Paris, France: UNESCO. Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/jd7xx7l
Dille, B., & Mezack, M. (1991). Identifying predictors of high risk among community college telecourse students. The American Journal of Distance Education, 2(1), 25 – 37. Retrieved from https://tinyurl.com/ho57gth
Duckworth, A. L., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2005). Self-Discipline Outdoes IQ in Predicting Academic Performance of Adolescents. Psychological Science, 16(12), 939 – 944. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2005.01641.x
Eccles, J. S. (1999). The Development of Children Ages 6 to 14. When School Is Out, 9(2). Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/h22mh34
Education Scotland (n/d). Health and wellbeing: experiences and outcomes. Retrieved from https://tinyurl.com/zd56kab
Emmer, E., Sabornie, E., Evertson, C. M., & Weinstein, C. S. (2011). Handbook of classroom management: Research, practice, and contemporary issues. (3rd Ed.). New York, USA: Routledge.
Erawan, (2015). Healthy schools promotion: An experience in Thailand. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 186, 513 – 521. Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/jxxtuyk
Fryer, B. (2007). The Ethical Mind. Harvard Business Review, March. Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/zlxqjhu
Rodriguez, F,G, Silva, J. L. P., Rosano, F. L., Contreras, F. C., & Vit I. M. (2001). A student centered methodology for the development of a physics video based laboratory. Interacting with Computers, 13 (5), 527 – 548. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0953-5438(01)00031-5
Gardner, H. (2007). Five minds for the future. Boston, MA, USA: Harvard Business School Press.
Gardner, H. (2007a). The synthesizing mind: Making sense of the deluge of information. In
M. Sanchez Sorondo, E. Malinvaud & P. Lena (Eds.), Globalization and Education: Proceedings of the Joint Working Group. The Pontifical Academy of Sciences.
Grubaugh, S. & Houston, R. (1990). Establishing a Classroom Environment That Promotes Interaction and Improved Student Behavior. The Clearing House, 63(8), 375 – 378.
Gupteswar , R. B. (2014). Empowering tools for today’s educators: “Explore & Experience 21st Century Teaching Skills”. Notion Press.
Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Black, B. J., Babin, B.J., & Anderson, R. E. (2006). Multivariate Data Analysis A Global perspective (7th Ed.). New Jersey, USA: Pearson Education, Inc.
Hannah, R. (2013). The Effect of Classroom Environment on Student Learning. Honors Thesis. Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/z4qovfd
Hashemyolia, S., Asmuni, A., Daud, S. M., Ayub, A. F. M., & Shah, J. A. (2014). Factors affecting students’ self-regulated learning: Using learning management systems. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 19, 119 – 124. http://dx.doi.org/10.5829/idosi.mejsr.2014.19.icmrp.18
Hox, J. J. & Bechger, T. M. (1998). An introduction to structural equation modeling. Family Science Review, 11, 354 – 373.
Hu, L. T. & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6(1), 1 – 55.
Liao, C-W., & Lin, S-Y. (2011). An analysis of the interactive behaviors of self-learning management in a web-based Moodle e-learning platform. African Journal of Business Management, 5(22), 9191 – 9199. Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/jxcu4nb
Mann, M., Hosman, C. M. H., Schaalma, H. P., & de Vries, N. K. (2004). Self-esteem in a broad-spectrum approach for mental health promotion. Health Education Research, 19 (4): 357 – 372. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/her/cyg041
Marzano, R. J. & Marzanoe, J. S. (2003). The Key to Classroom Management. Educational Leadership, 61(1),6 – 13. Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/6qaoxd3
Motschnig-Pitrik, R. & Holzinger, A. (2002). Student-centered teaching meets new media: Concept and case study. Educational Technology & Society, 5(4). Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/zhqd4e7
Nan-Zhao, Z. (2009). Four ‘Pillars of Learning’ for the reorientation and reorganization of curriculum: Reflections and discussions. Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/hlpr4hk
National Education Act B.E. 2542 (1999). Thailand. Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/jfgdrre
Nunnaly, J. (1978) Psychometric theory, New York, USA: McGraw-Hill,
O’Sullivan, M. (2006). Lesson observation and quality in primary education as contextual teaching and learning processes. International Journal of Educational Development, 26, 246 – 260.
Partnership for 21st Century Learning (2009). Framework for 21st Century Learning. Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/nzvwyen
Phuapan, P., Viriyavejakul, C. & Pimdee, P. (2016). An Analysis of Digital Literacy Skills among Thai university seniors. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 11(3). Retrieved from https://tinyurl.com/hw455fl
Rahmantya, K. (2009). Probability Sampling – Multi Stage Random Sampling. Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/zjdzdc6
Rogers, C. R. (1983). Freedom to Learn for the 80’s. New York, USA: Charles E. Merrill Publishing Company.
Roper, A. R. (2007, January 1). How Students Develop Online Learning Skills. Educause Review. Retrieved from https://tinyurl.com/pwcvhks
Seth, M. (n/d). Enabling Adolescents to Build Life Skills. United Nations Population fund (UNFPA). Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/zyd77mv
Thai Health Promotion Foundation. (2003). A New Framework for Health Promoter. Bangkok, Thailand: Thai Health Promotion Foundation.
The Basic Education Core Curriculum (2008). Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/jesco2x
Trilling, B. & Fadel, C. (2009). 21st Century Learning Skills. San Francisco, CA, USA: John Wiley & Sons.
UNICEF (2000). Defining Quality in Education. Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/6qtgvwq
University of Hawaii (2016). Successful Online Learner Skills. Retrieved from https://tinyurl.com/zt6q6l9
Wang, M. C., Haertel, G. D., & Walberg, H. J. (1993). Toward a knowledge base for school learning. Review of Educational Research, 63(3), 249 – 294.
Williams, K.C. & Williams, C.C. (2011). Five key ingredients for improving student motivation. Research in Higher Education Journal, 11. Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/zzc6en8
Wolf, S. (2207). Information Literacy and Self-regulation: A Convergence of Disciplines. School Library Media Research, 10. Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/hj767te
Wongvanakit, P. (n/d) The Study of Classroom Physical Appearance Effects on Khon Kaen University English Students Learning Outcome. Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/hstklgw
Young, L. (2006, May). Harvard’s Howard Gardner Receives Standing Ovation at Bank Street Event. Education Update Online. Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/h5z4ms5
Zimmerman, B. (2002). Becoming a Self-Regulated Learner: An Overview. Theory into Practice, 41(2). Retrieved from http://tinyurl.com/jgeh3bj