An innovative approach to the design of a meteorological dictionary

Siwarak Paengpho
M.A. Candidate
Faculty of Industrial Education
King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand

Jirapa Vittayapirak
Associate Professor
Faculty of Industrial Education
King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang, Bangkok, Thailand

Siwarak Paengpho and Jirapa Vittayapirak

Paengpho, S., & Vittayapirak, J. (2014). An innovative approach to the design of a meteorological dictionary. Asian International Journal of Social Sciences, 14(2), 56 – 76.

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The main aim of this research is to design a meteorological dictionary for Thai people using an innovative approach of corpus lexicography. The survey of the user needs analysis were used to elicit information about their reading materials and a weather forecast corpus (WFC) was thus compiled. The corpus comprises of 555,818 words (tokens). The samples were weather forecasting texts which were divided into 2 main types: 1) weather forecasts and 2) meteorological documents. All samples were collected and scanned. The concordance software “Wordsmith Tools” was used to compute the frequency of running words and word types, including type/token ratio. Then the word frequency list was classified into general, academic, and technical vocabularies. Word classes, collocations, compound nouns and abbreviations were analyzed. According to statistical analysis, the total word types in the WFC were 13,172 and the types and tokens ratio was 2.37 or 1:29. The results revealed that the group of general vocabularies was the highest frequency in the corpus. The open classes and closed classes were both found in the corpus. Some general words were found to be used as technical vocabularies. Many multi-word terms are created from the combination of general, academic and others vocabularies. There were 6 types of abbreviation: clippings, initials, acronyms, contractions, substitutions, and symbols. These corpus findings in terms of word frequencies, word combination and typical usage were used to develop sample entries for the proposed bilingual dictionary meteorology. This study provides insights into the language of weather forecast. It could be used as a guideline to design a meteorological dictionary and teach English for meteorological students, meteorologists and meteorological officers at the Thai Meteorological Department, as well as lexicographers, and those who are interested in meteorology.

Keywords: Corpus, Meteorological Dictionary, Weather Forecast




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